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For Kids: Asthma and Exercise

If you have asthma, you can enjoy sports if you know how to do them safely. Being active can even help your asthma. Besides being fun, exercise can make you a winner in many ways:

  • It makes your lungs healthy, so your asthma bothers you less.

  • It teaches you to stretch, reach, and move in new ways.

  • It gives you more energy.

    Boy and girl outside, running.

Safety first

Your healthcare provider can tell you how to exercise safely. Here are some things to ask:

  • Should I use my inhaler before I exercise?

  • How long should I exercise each day?

  • How will I know when to slow down or rest?

  • Should I exercise when I have a cold?

With the help of your parents, talk with your gym teacher and coaches about your asthma. Make sure they understand what asthma is, how it is treated, and how they may need to help you. Set up an “asthma signal” with them. Use the signal when you need to slow down or stop exercising. For instance, maybe you can wave to your teacher or coach.

Weather watch

  • In cold weather, breathe in through your nose, not your mouth. This warms up the air before it gets into your lungs. Try wearing a scarf to cover your nose and mouth.

  • Exercise inside if the air outside is hot, polluted, or full of pollen.

  • Drink water or juice before, during, and after exercise.

  • Don’t give up on exercise! If your asthma still flares up, ask your healthcare provider what you should do.

Before and after exercise

Try to follow these asthma safety tips each time you exercise:

  1. If you are supposed to, use your inhaler before exercise.

  2. Warm up for  5 to 10 minutes.

  3. You should be able to talk while you exercise or are active. Slow down or stop if you can't.

  4. Cool down for at least 5 minutes. Before you finish, stretch or just slow down.

Online Medical Reviewer: Daphne Pierce-Smith RN MSN CCRC
Online Medical Reviewer: Liora C Adler MD
Online Medical Reviewer: Pat F Bass MD MPH
Date Last Reviewed: 6/1/2020
© 2000-2020 The StayWell Company, LLC. 800 Township Line Road, Yardley, PA 19067. All rights reserved. This information is not intended as a substitute for professional medical care. Always follow your healthcare professional's instructions.
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